For centuries, the Arab has been used to improve the refine other breeds, and is still widely used to htis effect. The Arab’s popularity is firmly established throughout th world, and this must be in part due to its huge versatility. Not only is the Arab one of the most beautiful horses to look at, interms of symmetry and conformation, but also they are one of the toughest and most enduring breeds, a fact that is belied by their looks. They are famous for their stamina and endurance, have an incredible turn of speed, and make an excellent light, balanced riding horse.
The Arabs is quite unique in its conformation and appearance; one of its notable difference from other breeds is the number of vertebrae it possesses. They have 17 ribs, five lumbar vertebrae and 16 tail bones, whereas other equine breeds have 18 ribs, six lumbar vertebrae and 18 tail bones. This unusual
Skeleton of the Arab accounts for their compact back and high tail carriage. They also have a very distinctive head, which is small and refined with a dished profile. They have a wide forehead, with a distinctive shield shaped bilge which is known as the jibbah. The head tapers to a small muzzle with very large nostrils capable of great dilation. Their eyes are always very large, expressive and beautiful.The ears are usually small and alert, and curve in towrds eachother. They have another unique feature called the mitbah which is the angle wher the head meets the neck. It results in a curved arch that allows the head to be particularly mobile and move in almost any direction. The neck should be arched, musculer and elegant, and is set into a strong, very well made shoulder with a deep broad chest. The back should be strong and level, with broad quarters, the tail is set and carried high. They are clean legged, with typically very hard tendons and good feet.
The Arab has an excellent action, being free flowing and straight, and fast at all pacesthey have a floating action, and appear to glide effortlessly over the ground. They also have a particularly fine skin through which their veining is quite visible. Traditionally they are a small horse, standing at approximately 15 hh, although they have been bred to be larger, though they can lose some of their quality. Generally the Arab horse is bay, grey or chestnut in colours.