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Homing Pigeon

Homing Pigeon

Introduction

Homing Pigeon is a variety of domestic pigeon which is derived from the sub species known as the “rock dove”. These Pigeons can fly long distances and in competitive racing their longest flight was 1,800 km (1,100 miles) which makes this breed very popular. Their average flying speed over moderate 965 km (600 miles) distances is around 97 km/h (60 miles per hour). Due to the qualities the homing pigeons were used to carry messages as “messenger pigeons”. The Homing Pigeon was also used in wars for “POST” services.

Some of their unique mutations” variations are Pearl-eye Chrome-self Phenotype, A Silver-Collar, White-Bar Reduced Hen with Variegated-Primaries, Globally Unique Harlequin Phenotype, Charcoal-head and Crescent Platinum Bar, Mutative Shadowing Ash-Red Dilute – Shadowing Yellow, Mutative Clouded Ash-Red Checker, Black-Ash Pigeon.

KEY FACTS

Name Homing Pigeon
Origin We know that their ancestors are from Europe and are originally found wild in Europe, North Africa, and western Asia
Approximate size 11-15 inches or 29 to 37 cm
Wingspan 20-28 inches
Life span 6 years In the wild
Weight Ranges from 238–380 g
Reproduction The female Homing Piegon Lays (1-3) eggs
Colors Rounded tail, usually with dark tip and also pale gray wings have two black bars their mutations are given in introduction.

description of Homing Pigeon

To the Arab people the Arabian horse is called keheilan meaning pure blood through and through which is probadly th best and most accurate way to describe the Arab horse.

One of the oldest pure breeds in the world the Arab has stayed free of foreign blood and has thus maintained its distinctive characteristics. Although ancient drawings and carvings record the Arab’s exitence long before the Christian era, little hrad fact is known abour their origins, exept that they came from Western Asia.They may have originated inSuadi Arabia, but it seems likely that they also had strong ties to Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey.The fact that they are one of the most ancient pure breeds in indisputable, and they are probadly descended from the primitive postulated horse type 4 like the Akhal Teke.

The first Arab horse in Britain was AD 1121 when Alexander I.king of Scotland, presented an Arabian horse tho the Church of StAndrews.From that time on,Arabs were occasionally introduced to British ponies to improve their speed; in 1616 James I bought a celebrated Arabian horse from a Mr Markham.The Arab’s popularity in England did not begin until Charles II sent his Master of the horse to the levant to purchase stallions and brood mares and from then their reputation became established.

The purity of teh Arab is maintained today by the Arab Horse Societies, and the World Arab Horse Organistion, which lay down strict pedigree standards that must be met in order to register as purebreds. There are several offshoots from the Arab, which, while being based on pure stock, do not conferm to the pedigree strictures.There are also, of course, the Barb horse, which is a very important breed in its own right, and is further discussed under Barb. The role of the Arab horse has played in the development of nearly all modren breeds of horse cannot be underestimated. They are perhaps the singularly most influentioal breed, not leats in the development of the English Thoroughbred.

For centuries, the Arab has been used to improve the refine other breeds, and is still widely used to htis effect. The Arab’s popularity is firmly established throughout th world, and this must be in part due to its huge versatility. Not only is the Arab one of the most beautiful horses to look at, interms of symmetry and conformation, but also they are one of the toughest and most enduring breeds, a fact that is belied by their looks. They are famous for their stamina and endurance, have an incredible turn of speed, and make an excellent light, balanced riding horse.

The Arabs is quite unique in its conformation and appearance; one of its notable difference from other breeds is the number of vertebrae it possesses. They have 17 ribs, five lumbar vertebrae and 16 tail bones, whereas other equine breeds have 18 ribs, six lumbar vertebrae and 18 tail bones. This unusual

Skeleton of the Arab accounts for their compact back and high tail carriage. They also have a very distinctive head, which is small and refined with a dished profile. They have a wide forehead, with a distinctive shield shaped bilge which is known as the jibbah. The head tapers to a small muzzle with very large nostrils capable of great dilation. Their eyes are always very large, expressive and beautiful.The ears are usually small and alert, and curve in towrds eachother. They have another unique feature called the mitbah which is the angle wher the head meets the neck. It results in a curved arch that allows the head to be particularly mobile and move in almost any direction. The neck should be arched, musculer and elegant, and is set into a strong, very well made shoulder with a deep broad chest. The back should be strong and level, with broad quarters, the tail is set and carried high. They are clean legged, with typically very hard tendons and good feet.

The Arab has an excellent action, being free flowing and straight, and fast at all pacesthey have a floating action, and appear to glide effortlessly over the ground. They also have a particularly fine skin through which their veining is quite visible. Traditionally they are a small horse, standing at approximately 15 hh, although they have been bred to be larger, though they can lose some of their quality. Generally the Arab horse is bay, grey or chestnut in colours.

scientific classification

Kingdom – Animalia
Phylum – Chordata
Class – Mammalia
Order – Carnivora
Family – Canidae
Genus – Canis
Species – Canis Lupus
Subspecies – Canis Lupus Familiaris
Breed – Labrador Retriever

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