1 day (newborn) to 4-week old diet
We will discuss the diet of a Labrador and also what to give it if it is neglected by its mother, is orphaned or the mother doesn’t give proper time to the puppy (because of large litter or she is not well then you have to step in to nurture it).
1-4 week puppy
If the mother is present it will take care of the puppy from day 1 to 4 week. Mother’s milk has all the necessary nutrition required for the puppy’s nourishment during this time.
If the mother is not present then you can give the puppy alternatives for the mother milk which are present in the market like Esbilac Goat’s Milk, Esbilac Powder Milk Replacer, Nutri-Vet Milk Replacement for Puppies, PetLac Milk Powder for Puppies, Esbilac Liquid Milk Replacer For Puppies.
The newborn babies need to be fed every 2-3 hours in a day for 1 week because their bodies are growing and their organs are developing. You need to prepare just enough of the formula to satisfy the hunger of the puppy. Mostly instructions are given, If not than you can notice that when your puppy is full he starts looking away from the source. When you feed the dog use a 3cc syringe or a nursing bottle to feed it also don’t give it milk when it is on its backside or upside-down because it can chock the dog. You shoul always feed in an upright position or hold a puppy’s face down on your lap to bottle feed, imitating the natural position. After feeding, hold him upright with his head on your shoulder, gently rubbing his back until he burps. Note: For 2-3 weeks the puppy will need your help to urinate and defecate. Normally the mother does this by licking their genital region. To stimulate this feeling artificially you need to rub a wet warm towel or cotton over the genitals and anus. If this procedure is not followed, the puppy may become constipated.
Help? What to do if I can’t get puppy formula to feed my puppy?
Homemade formula No#1
(2) 10 ounces of goat’s milk (or canned, full-fat evaporated cow’s milk), add one raw egg yolk.
Mix in 1 cup plain full fat (not skim) yogurt.
Add 1/2 teaspoon of corn syrup or simple syrup made from sugar and water.
Mix well and bottle feed warm we are not using a blender or whisk because you don’t want a lot of air bubbles wreaking havoc in the puppy’s tummy. This formula can be stored in the fridge for one week.
NOTE: If the puppy is not thriving after a few days on the goat’s milk formula then add
2 egg yolks and 2 dissolved packets of unflavored gelatin. The gelatin helps to build strong bones and teeth. Keep the formula in the refrigerator. Don’t be alarmed if it solidifies, when you warm it up before feeding, it will liquefy again.
Homemade formula No#2
This formula you can use only until you can purchase commercial milk replacer.
Its ingredients are 1 cup of whole milk, 2 egg yolks, 1 tablespoon salad oil, and 1 drop of a liquid multivitamin if you have it. Mix the ingredients together in a blender.
Remember to make only enough for a day’s feeding, throwing out any leftover formula.
3 Problems when having an Orphan New Born Puppy
Hypothermia (low body temperature).
Puppies rely on their mother for radiant heat to help maintain their body temperature.
Orphaned puppies will require alternative methods like; incubators, heat lamps, heating pads or hot water bottles and heating of the puppy needs to be done very carefully because a puppy who is to rapidly warm may result in a heat-stressed puppy.
Low humidity environment and a hypothermic puppy may also lead to dehydration and other changes. When a puppy is born the mother is continuously licking the puppy and herself and normally creates a fairly humid immediate environment. Her breast area is also naturally moist while she is suckling her puppies. You can use a damp towel and put it in the basket to balance the humidity levels.
Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).
Signs of hypoglycemia in puppy are:
Severe depression (“floppy” puppy)
Muscle twitching and
If a puppy shows signs of hypoglycemia, a few drops of sugar solution/ honey on the tongue can be lifesaving.